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Virginia Woolf Bookmark Virginia Woolf (1882–1941)

“A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction.”

Virginia Woolf spent her life at the center of the most important artistic movements of her time. As a child schooled at home, her father, a noted critic, introduced her to Tennyson, Arnold, and other authors. As an adult, she saw her family’s house in the Bloomsbury district of London become the center of an intellectual and artistic circle that included some of the greatest authors, philosophers, intellectuals, and painters of the day, including E.M. Forster, Lytton Strachey, and Aldous Huxley.

She wrote between bouts of depression and mental breakdown that sometimes lasted years. During these, she could not concentrate enough to read. She was plagued by migraines and claimed to hear voices. But during her periods of calm, she produced some of the most influential novels and short stories of the modern movement. Her fiction was based not on plot but on consciousness; it went below the surfaces of action to explore the inner monologues of her characters.

In the end, her illness won. Entering into another depression from which she feared she would not recover, and fearing a Nazi invasion of England, Woolf took her own life in 1941.
Virginia Woolf
(1882–1941)